PreQuiz 7.1 - Impulse and Momentum .:. Go Up

The Formulas: p = momentum in kgm/s
v = velocity in m/s
m = mass in kg Impulse = change in momentum (kgm/s)
F = Force in N
Dt  = elapsed time in s
m = mass in kg
Dv = change in velocity F = force in N

Dp = change in momentum (kgm/s)
Dt = elapsed time (s)

The Prequiz:

1. A hammer has 12.4 kg m/s of momentum, and is going 8.5 m/s, what is its mass? (1.5 kg)

Use p = 12.4 kg m/s
v = 8.5 m/s
m = mass in kg - unknown

2. A rocket exerts 10.3 N of force for 2.23 seconds.  What impulse does it impart? (23.0 Ns)

use F = 10.3 N
Dt  = 2.23 s
Impulse = change in momentum (kgm/s) - unknown

3. A 17.5 N unbalanced force is exerted on a 67.1 Kg mass for 37.2 seconds.  What is the change of velocity of the mass? (9.70 m/s)

use F = 17.5 N
Dt  = 37.2 s
m = 67.1 kg
Dv = change in velocity - unknown

4. A .142 Kg baseball going 41 m/s, strikes a bat, and heads straight back to the outfield at 53 m/s.  If the bat exerted a force of 2350 N, for what time was it in contact with the bat? (0.00568 s)

use - but be careful - the difference between 41 m/s to the right and 53 m/s to the left is NOT 12 m/s.

F = -2350 N (toward the pitcher is negative)
Dt  = elapsed time in s - unknown
m = 0.142 kg
Dv = -53 m/s - 41 m/s = -94 m/s

5. A rocket engine burns fuel at a rate of 53.5 grams per second, and develops a force of 65.2 N.  What must be the exhaust velocity?  (1000 grams = 1 kg) (1220 m/s)

use - use 1.0 s for Dt, convert grams to kg (divide by 1000)

F = 65.2 N
Dt  = 1 second (it is per second)
m = 0.0535 kg
Dv = change in velocity - unknown