Practice 6B: | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | Go up
Momentum and Impulse - by Stephanie Culnane, 2001

1. A 0.50 kg football is thrown with a velocity of 15 m/s to the right. A stationary reciever catches the ball and brings it to rest in 0.020 s. What is the force exerted on the reciever?

Here's what you know, m = 0.50 kg, v = 15 m/s, and Dt = .020 s. Use the formula FDt = p and plug in mv for p so that FDt = mv. Plug in F(.020 s)
= (0.50 kg)(15 m/s). F = 375 N = 3.8 * 10^2 N to the right.

2. An 82 kg man drops from rest on a diving board 3.0 m above the surface of the water and comes to rest 0.55 s after reaching the water. What force does the water exert on him?

Here's what you know, m = 82 kg, s = 3.0 m, t = 0.55s. Use the formula vf2 = vi2 + 2a(Dx) to find the velocity.  Use 9.8 m/s/s for a.  Plug in v^2 = 0 + 2(-9.8 m/s/s)(3.0m).  v = 7.6 m/s.  Use the formula FDt = mv.  Plug in F(0.55s) = (82kg)(7.6 m/s).  F = 1133 N = 1.133 * 10^3 N.

3. A 0.40 kg soccer ball approaches a player horizontally with a velocity of 18 m/s to the north. The player strikes the ball and causes it to move in the opposite direction with a velocity of 22 m/s. What impulse was delivered to the ball by the player?

Here's what you know, m = 0.40 kg, u = 18 m/s, and v = -22 m/s. Use the formula FDt = mvf - mvi, but plug in p = FDt. Plug in p = (0.40 kg)(18
m/s) - (0.40kg)(-22 m/s). p = 16.0 kgm/s south.

4. A 0.50 kg object is at rest. A 3.00 N force to the right acts on the object during a time interval of 1.50 s.

a. What is the velocity of the object at the end of this interval?
b. At the end of this interval, a constant force of 4.00 N to the left is applied for 3.00 s. What is the velocity at the end

of the 3.00 s?

Here's what you know, m = 0.50 kg, F = 3.00 N, and t = 1.50 s.

a. Use the formula FDt = p, plug in mv for p. Plug in (3.00N)(1.50 s) = (0.50 kg)(v). v = +9 m/s.

Here's what you know, m = 0.50 kg, F = 4.00 N, and t = 3.00 s.

b. Use the formula FDt = p, plug in mv for p. Plug in (Force is negative as it is to the left) (-4.00 N)(3.00s) = (0.50 kg)(v). v = -24 m/s.  - but this is the change in velocity - final is +9.00 m/s - 24 m/s = -15 m/s