Description of Research Project For IB Physics
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Because experimental research takes a great deal of time, I want you to complete nearly all of your research the first semester. The second semester you will need to create a Web resource for your research project. Your grade the first semester will not be based on finding out some great truth of the Universe, but rather on the degree of effort and scientific thinking that you put in, and to a lesser degree, the quality of your presentation. Highly subjective criteria.
These are my expectations:
1. Pursue the unknown. We already know the knowns. Manipulate independent variables, measure dependents, and come up with intelligent reasons why what is happening is happening. Make and evaluate hypotheses.
2. Keep a research journal. It doesn't have to be neat - just think of it as a scientific diary. I put ideas and theories in mine. Most usually I write in it mundane things like what voltages correspond to melting ice and boiling water, what went wrong in the day's pursuit of the unknown, and what I need to try. I make little lists of problems I haven't solved so that I can come up with solutions as they occur to me. I also write down spontaneous brainstorms so that I don't forget them. I will read your research journal to form an opinion about your effort and scientific thinking.
3. Work on the research throughout the semester, and don't put it all off to the last minute. Expect to get a poor grade if you wait until the last moment, try something that doesn't work, and write about it.
This project is a major part of your grade, and I expect you to pay attention to it accordingly. Because any experimental setup is wont to malfunction, you must start on this early so that you can get it working. To that end I will collect and enforce intermediate steps that will comprise your total grade as follows:
Research proposal 5%
background info 15%
Working setup 25%
Research defense 10%
Final Paper 45%
(Evaluated as a whole according to a rubric that I will later share with you)
•TheResearch Proposal should be a description of what your topic is, what data you hope to gather, what method and setup you plan to use to investigate it, what resources you need, and a time plan for what you will do when.
•TheSummary of Background information will become the introduction to your final paper with maybe a few changes. A good introduction includes •background information about your topic logically organized from broad to narrow, A concise •description of the question you are answering accompanied with your •hypothesis, and a •bibiliography with at least five sources. Use your favorite method of citation and bibiliography entry.
•For theWorking setup we will have a show and tell day. You need to demonstrate that you have a working setup and show us how you will gather data from it.
•TheResearch Defense is a 10-15 minute talk in the evening about how you went about your research, what you discovered, and what you plan to do in the next semester.
•TheFinal Paper should follow the basic format for any scientific paper. (Introduction, method, results, discussion)
The method is a detailed explanation of your experimental setup, and how you gathered the data. A nice method has diagrams or pictures of the setup, and the reasoning behind your experimental design.
The results section has graphs of data and a discussion of the experimental uncertainty. It rarely contains all the raw data.
The discussion section talks about how the data did or did not support your hypothesis, additional hypotheses that may explain your data, and suggestions for further research. This will be the most fun section to write, even though it never was in the past. You will have something to write about this time.
Create a website with:
Tips for Projects:
1. Don't wait until the last moment to begin your project.
2. It doesn't have to be something really complicated.
3. I am more interested in your thinking than your breakthroughs
4. Brainstorm with other people.
5. Focus. Study "The wind erosion of sand behind rectangular shapes" rather than "Wind Erosion" or even "Erosion"
6. Don't worry about not knowing how something will turn out. If you knew how it would, it wouldn't be science.
7. Don't worry about coming up with some formula like every other part of physics. It may not happen, that's OK. I would love a paper even if it didn't have a single formula in it as long as it evidenced scientific thinking and observations.
8. I can help. Your classmates can help. You can even spend school money if I want to keep your experimental setup.
9. You can work in teams of up to two if you feel that each person can contribute something to the collaboration.
10. You can work on the same topic that another person or group is working on. Real science works this way.
11. You can replicate experiments that you have read about. Chances are you will branch off in some way, though.
12. Feel free to write well. Do not feel compelled to use passive voice. (Freedom should be felt regarding the efficacy of the use of proper and creative writing strategies. The use of passive voice is by no means compulsory, rather it is discouraged.) Don't use the word "impact" either. Effect a change that will affect the effect your writing has.